Foreign mothers fueling Czech births: 1 in 10 newborns now have a non-Czech mom

Newly released data shows that the Czech population would be shrinking without migration.


Written by ČTK Published on 11.09.2023 13:51:00 (updated on 11.09.2023) Reading time: 2 minutes

New population data from the Czech Statistical Office shows every 10th child born in the Czech Republic during the first half of 2023 had a foreign mother, continuing a decline in births for Czech women.

According to figures released by the Czech Statistical Office Monday, around 5,700 fewer children were born in the country from January to June compared to the same period last year.

The data also showed a steep drop in births to Czech mothers between the ages of 28 and 31. However, births to foreign women rose during this period, with around one in 10 newborns having a non-Czech mother. Ukrainian and Slovak mothers accounted for two-fifths and one-quarter of foreign births respectively.

Czech population growth by the numbers

  • Data shows population increases in the Czech Republic between January and June 2023 were due to positive net foreign migration. Natural population change (births minus deaths) was actually negative.
  • Roughly 79,800 people immigrated to the Czech Republic in the first half of 2023, while around 22,300 emigrants left. This resulted in a net foreign migration gain of 57,500 people.
  • Foreign migration flows have helped offset the declining natural change, as births have been falling year-over-year while deaths still outpace births. The population would be shrinking without immigration.
  • Citizens of Ukraine are a major driver of foreign migration flows. Ukrainians dominated both immigration to and emigration from the Czech Republic in the reported period.
  • One in 10 births in the Czech Republic are now to foreign-born mothers, highlighting the contribution of immigrant communities to young families and newborns. 47.7 percent of children were born out of wedlock.

Overall population growth in the Czech Republic was driven solely by foreign migration, as the natural change among Czech residents was down 11,500 people. Nearly 80,000 immigrants entered the country while around 22,300 left. Ukrainians remained the top nationality for both inflows and outflows.

Most and least populous regions in Czechia

Central Bohemia continues to be the most populous region of the Czech Republic (1,449,495) while Prague, South Moravian, and Moravian-Silesian regions also have more than a million inhabitants. On the contrary, the Karlovy Vary Region has the fewest inhabitants (294,923 people recorded at the end of June). In almost all regions, the number of inhabitants increased in the first half of the year. The only exception was the Ústí Region, where 631 people died during that timeframe.

Marriages decreased by 3,000 to just over 19,100, while divorces fell slightly to 9,900. Deaths also continued to outpace births, with around 3,400 fewer deaths than during the first half of 2022.

Higher immigration levels present both opportunities and challenges that will significantly impact Czechia's future economic, social, and cultural landscape, making careful management of integration all the more important.

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